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Korean Journal of Pediatrics, 2019. 62(10), 386-394, DOI: https://doi.org/10.3345/kjp.2019.00206
Clinical impact of admission hypothermia in very low birth weight infants: Results from Korean neonatal network
Na Hyun Lee, Soo Kyung Nam; Juyoung Lee; Yong Hoon Jun
Background: Preterm infants have difficulty maintaining body temperature after birth. However, clinical guidelines advocate that neonatal body temperature should be maintained at 36.5°C–37.5°C.
Purpose: We aimed to investigate the incidence of admission hypothermia in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants and to determine the association of admission temperature with in-hospital mortality and morbidities.
Methods: A cohort study using prospectively collected data involving 70 neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) that participate in the Korean Neonatal Network. From registered infants born between January 2013 and December 2015, 5,343 VLBW infants born at less than 33 weeks of gestation were reviewed.
Results: The mean admission temperature was 36.1°C±0.6°C, with a range of 31.9°C to 38.4°C. Approximately 74.1% of infants had an admission hypothermia of <36.5°C. Lower birth weight, intubation in the delivery room and Apgar score <7 at 5 minutes were significantly related to admission hypothermia. The mortality was the lowest at 36.5°C–37.5°C and adjusted odd ratios for all deaths increased to 1.38 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.04–1.83), 1.44 (95% CI, 1.05–1.97) and 1.86 (95% CI, 1.22–2.82) for infants with admission temperatures of 36.0°C–36.4°C, 35.0°C–35.9°C, and <35.0°C, respectively. Admission hypothermia was also associated with high likelihoods of bronchopulmonary dysplasia, pulmonary hypertension, proven sepsis, pulmonary hemorrhage, air-leak, seizure, grade 3 or higher intraventricular hemorrhage and advanced retinopathy of prematurity requiring laser therapy.
Conclusion: A large portion of preterm infants in Korea had hypothermia at NICU admission, which was associated with high mortality and several important morbidities. More aggressive interventions aimed at reducing hypothermia are required in this high-risk population.
- DOI: https://doi.org/10.3345/kjp.2019.00206
- ISBN or ISSN: 1738-1061
- 본 연구는 질병관리본부 연구개발과제연구비를 지원받아 수행되었습니다.
- This research was supported by a fund by Research of Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.